Public Sector Reforms in Nigeria

Abstract:
Through public sector reform the government of Nigeria attempted to implement its economic reform program. In this paper we will describe the various reform policies taken by the government to implement the reform.
Public Sector Reforms in Nigeria was introduced to drive the human resource development process and form a effective resource utilization policy. The main of the government was to set a proper man management system. The development of any country very much depends on the caliber and organization of the human resources.

So, the government of Nigeria introduced public sector reform.

Reasons Behind Reform

Nigeria was not able to move along with the worldwide development in public sector reform.
Revenues were not coming smoothly which increased the economic and financial pressure. Rate of unemployment was on the higher side.
New and upcoming technical and as well as social challenges were coming and political situations were getting unstable.

Reform Process

The government introduced a contractual system for the labors. Moreover, a direct taxation system was started for collecting tax from the labors.
The focus of the government remained on the optimum utilization of the human resources. Therefore, several changes had been made in the recruitment policies. Stress had been given on the experience and qualification of the resources.
In the second stage of public sector reform, the Nigerian government paid attention on the training and development program of the human resources. Several private and foreign enterprises were encouraged to train the workers.
The Center for Management Development (CMD), the Administrative Staff College of Nigeria (ASCON) and the Industrial Training Fund (ITF) had been managing the training programs from the early 1970s. The government announced several policies and programs to enhance the operation of those organizations.
The employment policies were made more transparent to overcome the socio economic crisis.
Several administrative review commissions had been formed to improve the management of the public and as well as the private enterprises.
More stress had been given by the government to improve inter and intra departmental communication. Ministry head quarters were centralized to make controlling system easy.

Effect of Public Sector Reform

Through this reform the government of Nigeria was able to improve the labor quality. Unemployment issues had been solved to some extent. And lastly, the public service capacity had been enhanced through which, the performance deficits were minimized within 2005.

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Last Updated on : 11th Nov 2016

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