Regulations of financial institutions differ from one country to another. The financial institution regulations are delineated by the government authorities of different countries. The principal objective of these government authorities is to regulate the financial activities going on in the country.
The financial regulatory bodies control the stock markets, bond markets, foreign exchange markets, and various other segments of financial markets.
The financial regulations are laid out for the purpose of creating a fair and customer-friendly environment in the financial market of a particular country, which is conducive for economic growth. Some of the examples of financial regulatory bodies are the Federal Reserve Bank (United States), Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the Financial Services Authority (FSA) in the United Kingdom, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the United States and many others.
The statutory objectives of the regulatory bodies of financial institutions include the following:
Market confidence: Sustaining confidence in the financial markets is one of the most important objectives of the financial regulatory bodies
Consumer protection: Ensuring the most suitable level of customer protection
Public awareness: Encouraging public awareness about the financial market through imparting educational programs
Eliminating financial crime: The financial regulations are designed for the purpose of reducing financial crimes and frauds
The regulatory principles that are followed by the regulators of financial institutions include the following:
Role of management: Regulatory measures on the senior management of the financial institutions so that they do not take decisions that are detrimental to the financial market
Innovation: Innovation should be facilitated with restriction so that the financial products and services launched are compliant to the rules and regulations
International aspects: Strict monitoring should be there to see whether the international standards are maintained or not
Efficiency and economy: The financial resources of a country should be used in the most prudent and effective way
Proportionality: The financial regulations that are imposed should be proportional to the advantages that are anticipated from the regulations
Competition: There should be strict supervision on the financial market for the purpose of minimizing harmful effects of competition.